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The M40 Coachway is an proposed coachway corridor along the M40 Motorway as part of the GB coachway network being developed within the Coachways vision project. The coachway intercepts a population of 2 million people. Coach services using the corridor connect directly with many other destinations including: Bradford, Chester, Dorchester, Gatwick Airport, Glasgow, Heathrow Airport, Leicester, Liverpool, London, Luton Airport, Poole, Preston, Slough, Stansted Airport, Southampton, Weymouth, Wolverhampton and also London Underground (Piccadilly line and Metropolitan line via Hillingdon tube station).
Currently these coach services bypass many of the the populations along the route due to the time-delays getting from the junction to the town centre and back again. The proposed interchanges close to motorway junctions would allow more people to be served by faster and more attractive services.
|Birmingham Coach Station||-||Some services using the M40 coachway would originate from and terminate at the existing Birmingham Coach Station.|
|Birmingham Bentley Heath Coachway||M42 J4||Located close to junction 4 of the M42 outside Tesco/Notcutts. The location would require a new bus stop/shelter and ideally also rework to sliproads. It is envisaged that this stop would be served by a Birmingham Orbital Coachway which would distribute passengers around the city. This would be used by services using the M42/M40 that don't penetrate the city itself.|
|Warwick Coachway||M40 J15||Located within either the Holiday Inn Express or Hilton car parks adjacent to junction 15 of the M40. Some re-engineering of the car park and new access points would be required at this site to accomodate a new coach stop, turning area and shelter equipped with real time information. Local public transport does already stop outside the hotels, though further work is required to establish whether this provides an adequate level of local connectivity to Warwick and Leamington Spa.|
|Banbury Coachway||M40 J11||Located within the Holiday Inn Express car park, adjacent to junction 11 of the M40. Some re-engineering of the car park and new access points would be required at this site to accomodate a new coach stop, turning area and shelter equipped with real time information. Local public transport does already stop outside the hotel, though further work is required to establish whether this provides an adequate level of local connectivity.|
|Bicester Coachway Interchange||M40 J9 / A34||This site would require an entirely new facility to be constructed as there is no re-usable infrastructure adjacent to junction 9 of the M40. An initial assessment reveals that the junction is surrounded by agricultural land, and given the simple grade separated junction layout, it should be feasible to engineer a new access point between two of the existing exits (similar to Gordano services at junction 19 of the M5). This site would interchange services between London and the West Midlands with services between the South Coast and the North. The site would also require local or regional public transport feeder services to be established to link the coachway with Bicester and Oxford.|
|Oxford services||M40 J8a/A418||The main 'Oxford services' motorway service station on the junction with the A418. Stops could also be provided on southbound M40/A40 sliproad used by the Oxford-London coach route. 13 coach bays are already provided outside the main services building.|
|Lewknor Coachway||M40 J6||These existing roadside stops are currently used by coach services between London and Oxford.|
|High Wycombe coachway||M40 J4||Buckinghamshire County Council are promoting a £25 million scheme to construct a new coachway facility at Wycombe sport centre (Buckinghamshire County Council 2009, p.iii).|
|Hillingdon Coach Stop||M25 J16 / M40 J1a||These existing roadside stops are currently used by coach services between London and Oxford. The northbound stop need a complete refresh and a good quality new shelter.|
A suggested schedule for this service is provided here.
Capital cost estimates
|Scheme element||Number of units||Cost per element||Total cost|
|Volvo B9R coach||20 coaches required to service a 20 minute vehicle headway||£205,000||£4,100,000|
|Junction engineering||Required at Birmingham Bentley Heath Coachway, Warwick Coachway and Banbury Coachway||?||?|
|High Wycombe Coachway||Construction of a dedicated new facility||£25,000,000||£25,000,000|
|Bicester Coachway Interchange||Construction of a dedicated new facility||~£25,000,000||~£25,000,000|
|Enclosed bus shelter||3 new shelters required along the length of the corridor||£7,000||£21,000|
|Real time information||Required at the 8 stopping points||?||?|
Comparison to existing public transport services
Typical journey times between Birmingham and London for existing rail, existing coach and the proposed coachway services are as follows:
|Mode||Journey time||Indicative Frequency||Notes|
|Rail||1 hr 24 mins||3 services per hour||Weekday service between Birmingham New Street and London Euston.|
|Coach||2 hrs 10 mins||2 services per hour||Off peak journey time from Birmingham Coach Station to Finchley Road (non stopping service via M6-M1)|
|M40 Coachway||2 hrs 31 mins||-||Off peak journey time estimate to Hillingdon (stopping service via M40).|
- The rail journey time has been taken from the National Rail Enquiries online journey planner.
- The coach journey time has been taken from the National Express online journey planner.
- The coachway journey time has been calculated according to the Coachways scheduling assumptions.
Existing coach services
The following coach services use the corridor presently. The term J16 is used for the junction at the northern end of the motorway where it joins the M42 motorway.
|X70||Heathrow Airport - M25 - (J1A - J8A) - Oxford(1h20m)||the Oxford Bus Company|
|X80||Gatwick - M25 - (J1A - J8A) - Thornhill(3h10m) - Oxford(2h30m)||the Oxford Bus Company|
|X90||London - Oxford||the Oxford Bus Company|
|210||Gatwick Airport - M25 - Heathrow Airport (1h25m) (J1A - J15) - Conventry (3h20m) - Birmingham Airport (3h40m) - Wolverhampton(4h0m)|
|240||Heathrow Airport - M25 - (J1A - J15) - Coventry - Bradford|
|303||Southsea .. Southampton(1h5m) - Basingstoke(1h55m) - Calcot(2h25m) - Oxford(4h10m) - (J9 - J16) - Birmingham(6h45m) - Stafford(7h35m) - Crewe(8h20m) - Nantwich(8h35m) - Chester(9h20m) - Birkenhead(9h45m)|
|304||Liverpool - Chester(1h0m) - Birmingham(3h55m) - (J16 - J10) - Oxford(5h35m) - Southampton(8h5m) ... Poole(9h35m) - Dorchester(10h15m) - Weymouth(10h40m)|
|421||Blackpool, Preston(0h40m), Liverpool(1h40m) ... Chester(2h30m) ... Birmingham(5h00m) - (J16 - J15) - Stratford-upon-Avon(5h45m) - (J15 - J9) - Oxford(6h45m) - (J8A - J1A) - M25 - Heathrow Airport(7h45m)- London Victoria(8h20m)|
|444||Hereford - London|
|539||Bournemouth - Southampton(0h55m) - Newbury(2h10m) - Oxford(3h10m) - (J9 - J15) - Stratford Upon Avon(4h15m) - (J15 - J16) - Birmingham(6h0m) - Penryth(9h35m) - Carlisle(10h10m) ... Glasgow(12h15m) - Edinburgh(13h20m)|
|737||Standsted Airport - Hatfield(0h45m) - Luton(1h35m) - Hemel-Hempstead(1h55m) - M25 - (J1A - J4) - High Wycombe(2h45m) - (J4 - J5) - Stokechurch(2h55m) - (J5 - J10) - Thornhill(3h10m) - Oxford(3h30m)||National Express|
|SW||Southall - Slough(0h15m) - (J2 - J15) - Coventry(2h15m) - Wolverhampton(3h15m)|
|TUBE||London Victoria .. Hillingdon(0h40m) - (J1 - J6) - Lewknor(1h05m) - (J6 - J8) .. Oxford(1h55m)||Stagecoach in Oxfordshire|
M40 junction assessment
The following list shows all junctions along the M40 and details those junctions where interchanges have been considerd. To be used as an interchange it is normally necessary for there to be a suitable sheltered location for people to wait between modes which is rapidly accessible to and from both directions of the motorway.
|M40 Coach (a proposed express coach service)|
|29.2||J1||A40 to London, Slough A412, Uxbridge A4020|
|31.6||J1a||Watford, Stansted Airport, Heathrow Airport Gatwick Airport M25|
|Beaconsfield, Amersham, Slough A355|A355, Beaconsfield services|
|43.5||J3||No access, Loudwater and High Wycombe (East) A40|
|50.6||J4||High Wycombe Coachway||High Wycombe|
|66.8||J5||High Wycombe (West), Stokenchurch A40|
|66.8||J6||Watlington, Princes Risborough B4009, Thame|
|75.9||J7||No access, Thame, Wallingford, A329|
|77.6||J8||no interchange||No access, Oxford, Cheltenham A40|
| M40 J8a interchange
|Aylesbury, Oxford, Thame,|
|97.3||J9|| Bicester, Aylesbury A41 |
Oxford, Newbury A34
| Northampton A43 |
B430, Cherwell Valley services
|124.0||J11||M40 J11 interchange||Banbury, Brackley|
|148.4||J13|| No access, Leamington, Warwick A452 |
|151.1||J14||Leamington A452, No access|
|153.1||J15||M40 J15 Interchange|| Warwick A429 |
Stratford, Coventry A46 (M69)
|167.8||J16||Henley A3400, No access|
|169.6||M42, J3a||M42, Road continues as M42|
The SOUTH WEST, Birmingham (South & West), Redditch & M5
The following population would be served by suitable coachway interchanges close to motorway junctions connecting with local buses and other means of transport.
|Banbury||41,000||1 mile west of junction 11.|
|Beaconsfield||10,600||1 mile north of J2|
|Bicester||28,000||2 miles east of J9|
|Birmingham||1,016,800||To the north of the junction with then M42|
|Brackley||13,000||5 miles east of J10 and of J11|
|Coventry||309,000||10 miles north of J15|
|High Wycombe||92,000||2 miles north of J4|
|Hillingdon||253,200|| 1 mile beyond J1. Underground services from Hillingdon tube station using the Piccadilly line|
and Metropolitan line are available.
|Lemington Spa||45,000||3 miles north of J13 (from south only),J14(from north only) and J15|
|London||12 miles east of the end of the M40 along the A40 or by tube from Hillingdon|
|Maidenhead||58,000||5 miles south of J4|
|Oxford||153,000||5 miles west from J8, J8A and from J9|
|Slough||119,000||5 miles south of J2|
|Stratford-Upon-Avon||28,000||5 miles south west of junction 15|
|Warwick||25,000||2 miles north west from J15, also accessible from J14 (from north only) and from J13 (from south only)|
- Buckinghamshire County Council, 2009. Handy Cross Hub - High Wycombe Coachway, Major Scheme Business Case Retrieved 28-07-10
- DfT, 2008. Delivering a Sustainable Transport System Retrieved 08-04-10